One of the hallmarks of the information age is the volume, rate and means by which we are confronted with data. And so, the need to present data in a way that it can be easily digested has also increased in importance. The adage a picture is worth a thousand words fits comfortably here. The aim is making information visible to support the communication goal.
Structuring information, sometimes called information architecture, is now a discipline under the big tent of Communication Design.
Edward Tufte in his book,"Envisioning Information" (1990), put forth a compelling case for efficient, coherent and effective ways of presenting information.
Review of Envisioning Information